For over 100 years, more than 150,000 Indigenous children were placed in Indian Residential Schools—government-funded, church-run institutions located hundreds of kilometres from their homes that removed the influence of parents in the spiritual, cultural and intellectual development of First Nations, Métis and Inuit children. It wasn’t until 1996 that the last residential school closed.
This system left a legacy of unresolved trauma that has deeply affected the relationship between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Canadians. In 2008, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada was established as a response to the charges of abuse that Indigenous children experienced in residential schools.
* This does not include provincially supported residential schools or residential schools that were solely run by churches